Database administrator (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Database administrators (DBAs) use specialized software to store and organize data.[1]

The role may include capacity planning, installation, configuration, database design, migration, performance monitoring, security, troubleshooting, as well as backup and data recovery.[2]


List of skills required to become database administrators are:[3][4][5]

  • Knowledge of database queries
  • Knowledge of database theory
  • Knowledge of database design
  • Knowledge about the RDBMS itself, e.g. Microsoft SQL Server or MySQL
  • Knowledge of structured query language (SQL), e.g. SQL/PSM or Transact-SQL
  • General understanding of distributed computing architectures, e.g. Client–server model
  • General understanding of operating system, e.g. Windows or Linux
  • General understanding of storage technologies and networking
  • General understanding of routine maintenance, recovery, and handling failover of a database

Database administrators benefit from a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree in computer science. An associate degree or a certificate may be sufficient with work experience.[6]


There are many certifications available for becoming a certified database administrator. Many of these certifications are offered by database vendors themselves. Database administrator certifications may be earned by passing a series of tests and sometimes other requirements. Schools offering Database Administration degrees can also be found.[7]

For example:

  • IBM Certified Advanced Database Administrator – DB2 10.1 for Linux, Unix and Windows[8]
  • IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 10.1 for Linux, Unix, and Windows[8]
  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional[9]
  • Oracle MySQL 5.6 Database Administrator Certified Professional[10]
  • MCSA SQL Server 2012[11]
  • MCSE Data Platform Solutions Expert [12]


A database administrator’s responsibilities can include the following tasks:[13]

  • Installing and upgrading the database server and application tool
  • Allocating system storage and planning storage requirements for the database system
  • Modifying the database structure, as necessary, from information given by application developers
  • Enrolling users and maintaining system security
  • Ensuring compliance with database vendor license agreement
  • Controlling and monitoring user access to the database
  • Monitoring and optimizing the performance of the database
  • Planning for backup and recovery of database information
  • Maintaining archived data
  • Backing up and restoring databases
  • Contacting database vendor for technical support
  • Generating various reports by querying from database as per need
  • Managing and monitoring data replication
  • Acting as liaison with users


  1. ^“Database Administrators”. 11/04/2015. Bureau Of Labor Statistics. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  2. ^“What does a DBA do all day?”. 11/04/2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  3. ^Spenik, Mark; Sledge, Orryn (20 March 2001). “What is a Database Administrator? (DBA)”. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  4. ^“Oracle DBA job skills”. Burleson Consulting.
  5. ^“Roles and Responsibilities – Oracle FAQ”.
  6. ^“Database Administrator: Job Description and Requirements”. 11/4/2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  7. ^“How Do I Become a Certified Database Administrator?”. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  8. ^ Jump up to:ab “IBM Professional Certification Program”. IBM. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  9. ^“Oracle Certification Program”. Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  10. ^“Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.6 Database Administrator”. Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  11. ^“MCSA: SQL Server”. Microsoft. Retrieved 3 November2015.
  12. ^“MCSE: Data Platform”. 11/4/2015. Retrieved 4 November2015.
  13. ^“Oracle DBA Responsibilities”. Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 6 February2012.

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